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全球经济福祉指数出炉 挪威居首  发贴心情 Post By:2015/5/28 10:35:59

Germany outpaces US in economic ‘wellbeing’ index
Germans are benefiting more from their economic rebound than Americans are from the US recovery thanks to greater investment in education and infrastructure.德国人从经济反弹中获得的益处超过了美国人从经济复苏中获得的益处,得益于该国在教育和基础设施上的更大投资。
  
In China, rapid economic growth is being hindered by pollution and other factors and translating only slowly into broader economic “wellbeing” while in India, Asia’s new growth champion, progress has been even slower.在中国,由于污染和其他因素的影响,经济快速增长只能缓慢转变为整体经济“福祉”,而在亚洲新的增长冠军印度,进步甚至更为迟缓。
  
These are some of the key findings of the latest attempt by the Boston Consulting Group to compile a broad measure of economic “wellbeing” that goes beyond the usual metrics of gross domestic product, inflation and unemployment used by policy makers. To do so the BCG index takes into account investment in health, education and infrastructure as well as more unusual measures such as the volatility of GDP growth and inequality.上述结论是波士顿咨询公司(Boston Consulting Group,简称BCG)最新研究的其中一些关键成果。该公司试图编制一项衡量经济“福祉”的宽泛指标,超越政策制定者通常使用的国内生产总值(GDP)、通胀和失业率等指标。为此,BCG指数计入健康、教育和基础设施以及GDP增长波动和不平等之类更为不寻常的指标。
  
The consulting group’s 2015 Sustainable Economic Development Assessment includes some predictable results. Topping the list of 148 economies for wellbeing is Norway. Five of the top 10 countries for economic wellbeing are Nordic and Singapore is the only non-European country in the top decile.该公司的《2015年可持续经济发展评估报告》(2015 Sustainable Economic Development Assessment)包括一些可以预测的结果。在148个经济体的福祉排名中,高居榜首的是挪威。在前十大经济福祉国家中,有5个是北欧国家,而新加坡是唯一的非欧洲国家。
  
At the very bottom of the list lies the Central African Republic, a country devastated by conflict in recent years.排名垫底的是最近几年饱受战火蹂躏的中非共和国。
  
But it also contains some thought-provoking observations.但该报告也包含一些发人深省的观察。
  
The US comes in at number 17 “primarily because of its weak showing in income equality”, the BCG report’s authors write. It lags behind the rest of the world in eight of the 10 dimensions measured, particularly in infrastructure.BCG报告的作者们写道,美国排名第17位“主要是因为其收入平等方面的疲弱表现”。在10个衡量指标中,美国有8项落后于其他国家,尤其是在基础设施方面。
  
Despite the longstanding view that the US is a land of opportunity it turns out, according to BCG, that it is below average in its ability to convert both wealth and growth into a broader wellbeing.BCG表示,尽管人们长期认为美国充满了机遇,但结果表明,美国将财富和增长转化为整体福祉的能力低于平均水平。
  

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